An efficient lesson on energy efficiency.
When you begin to consider the energy performance of a window or door, there are some terms used in our industry that you may not be familiar with. To help you better understand how the energy performance of a window or door is evaluated, we have outlined a few key measurement factors.
U-values & R-values
Also known as the U-factor, the U-value measures how much heat loss or gain can be transferred through a window or door. The lower the U-value, the greater the product’s resistance to heat flow and the better its insulating value. U-value measurements generally fall between 0.20 and 1.20. For windows and doors, a low U-Value means less heat is able to penetrate your home during warmer months AND less heat is able to escape during colder months. The inverse (one divided by) the U-value is the R-value. The R-value measures the ability of a window or door to resist heat transfer. The higher the R-value, the greater resistance the window or door has to heat gain or loss. During warmer months, a high R-value means more unwanted heat from the sun is kept out, and in colder months, a high R-value means heated air stays inside where it belongs. Low E glass can have a positive effect on both U- and R-values.
Solar Heat Gain Coefficient (SHGC)
Quite simply, the SHGC value indicates how much direct sunlight and absorbed heat that can enter your home through your windows or doors. Sometimes referred to as a shading coefficient and usually expressed as a value between 0 and 0.87, a lower SHGC value is preferred. Just like U- and R-values, Low E glass will increase your window or door’s performance against solar heat gain.